Alessandra Martucci (1), Giulio Marchese (1,2), Alberta Aversa (1,2), Diego Manfredi (1,2), Sara Biamino (1,2), Daniele Ugues (1,2), Federica Bondioli (1,2), Massimo Messori (1,2), Mariangela Lombardi (1,2), Paolo Fino (1,2)

1- Department of Applied Science and Technology, Politecnico di Torino, Corso Duca degli Abruzzi 24, 10129 Turin, Italy

2- Consorzio Interuniversitario Nazionale per la Scienza e Tecnologia dei Materiali (INSTM), Via G. Giusti 9, 50121 Firenze, Italy


The Powder Bed Fusion-Laser Beam is a promising additive-manufacturing process that allows the production of complex-shaped functional components for many applications. However, the layer-by-layer scanning and high cooling rates result in a high thermal gradient (ΔT) and, thus, in thermally induced stresses that could lead to undesirable cracking and delamination phenomena in the final component. A strategy to reduce the ΔT and facilitate a correct heat flow is using support structures. However, the support geometry needs to be optimised, considering that the thermal resistance increases as the support-height increases and the contact cross-section decreases. Furthermore, it is essential to consider the anchoring function of the support structures. Based on these considerations, two geometric indices and a decision support matrix were developed in the present work for a quick and efficient setting of geometric parameters. The robustness of the developed approach was verified on two different alloys: AlSi10Mg and IN625.